Sources by Chapter

Note: Dear readers (especially you English teachers, Academics and librarians), these sources should have appeared in the back of my book.  I think there might actually be laws about that.  If there aren’t laws, there are certainly conventions.  However, we ran out of room and I had to make the choice between including material I thought more people might actually read and this list of sources.   You can see what happened.  Frankly, I think the publisher should have given me more paper, but they didn’t.  The important thing is that all the wonderful, insightful material I relied on to write Testing For Kindergarten is listed so you should be able to find it yourself if you are so inclined.

Chapter 1: What Educators Know and Parents Don’t

  • Shari Nedler and Oralie McAfee, Working with Parents – Guidelines for Early Education and Elementary Teachers (Wadsworth, Inc., 1979).
  • Burrell, Jackie, “Strong Academic Pressure Seeps Down to Preschools,” Inside Bay Area (California), October 28, 2007.

Chapter 2: This is NOT About Kinder-Cramming

  • Malcolm Gladwell, Outliers: The Story of Success, (Little, Brown, 2008).
  • Betty Hart and Todd Risley, Meaningful Differences in Everyday Experience of Young Children, Paul H. Brooks Pub. Co. (1995).
  • Annette Lareau, Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life (University of California Press, 2003).
  • Richard E. Nisbett, Intelligence and How to Get It (W. W. Norton & Co., 2009).
  • Karen Quinn, The Ivy Chronicles (Viking 2005).
  • Elizabeth Krents, “Facing the ERB: A Question of Ethics” (Manhattan Parent’s League Review, 2001).
  • Parenthood, Imagine Entertainment, 1989.
  • Belluck, Pam, “At Top School for Gifted, I.Q. Test Is Still the First Measure,” The New York Times, March 12, 1997.
  • Dworkin, Allison, “Should Your Preschooler Be IQ-Tested?”, November 1, 2005.
  • Kluger, Jeffrey, and Allison Park, “The Quest for a Superkid,” Newsweek Magazine, April 23, 2001.
  • Paul, Pamela, “Tutors for Toddlers,”, December 3, 2007.
  • Spinelli, Lydia, “Assessing Young Children for Admissions,” NYSAIS Admissions Directors Conference, April 27, 2006.
  • Wiener, Julie, “A Kindergartener Takes the (Gifted) Test,” The New York Sun, February 12, 2008.

Chapter 3: The Scoop on Intelligence Testing

  • Bruce A. Bracken and Richard J. Nagle, Psychoeducational Assessment of Preschool Children, Fourth Edition (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2007).
  • Howard Gardner, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence (Basic Books, 1993).
  • Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More than IQ, 10th Anniversary Edition (Bantam, 2006).
  • Susan R. Homack and Cecil R. Reynolds, Essentials of Assessment with Brief Intelligence Tests (John Wiley & Sons, 2007).
  • Elizabeth O. Lichtenberger, Nancy Mather, et al., Essentials of Assessment Report Writing (John Wiley & Sons, 2004).
  • David Palmer, Parent’s Guide to IQ Testing and Gifted Education (Parent Guide Books, 2006).
  • Craig Pohlman, Revealing Minds: Assessing to Understand and Support Struggling Learners (John Wiley & Sons, 2008).
  • Robert Sternberg, Successful Intelligence: How Practical and Creative Intelligence Determine Success in Life (Plume, 1997)
  • Sue C. Wortham, Assessment in Early Childhood: Fourth Edition (Pearson, 2005).
  • Vernon, Ken, “I.Q. Rubbished,” The Gold Coast Bulletin (Australia), pg. 49, January 5, 2008.

Chapters 4 and 5:  The 7-Abilities of Highly Effective Kindergarteners and What Is on the Test?

  • Marla R. Brassard and Ann E. Boehm, Preschool Assessment: Principles and Practices (The Guilford Press, 2008).
  • Dominic F. Gullo, Understanding Assessment and Evaluation in Early Childhood Education (Teacher’s College Press, 2004).
  • Edward M. Hallowell and John J. Ratey, Driven to Distraction: Recognizing and Coping with Attention Deficit Disorder from Childhood Through Adulthood (Touchstone, 1995).
  • Alan S. Kaufman, Intelligence Testing with the WISC-III (Wiley Interscience, 1994).
  • Elizabeth O. Lichtenberger and Alan S. Kaufman, Essentials of WPPSI-III Assessment (John Wiley & Sons, 2004).
  • Nancy Mather and Lynne E. Jaffe, Woodcock Johnson III, Reports, Recommendations, and Strategies (John Wiley & Sons, 2002).
  • P.C. McCabe, “Social and Behavioral Correlates of Preschoolers with Specific Language Impairments,” Psychology in the Schools – 42 (2005): 373-387.
  • Vincent J. Monastra, Parenting Children With ADHD: 10 Lessons That Medicine Cannot Teach (APA, 2004).
  • Colleen Alexander-Roberts, The ADHD Parenting Handbook: Practical Advice for Parents from Parents (Taylor Trade Publishing, 1994).

Chapter 6: Milestones that Matter for School Success

  • Shari Nedler, Jere Brophy and Thomas Good, Teaching in the Preschool (Harper & Row, 1975).
  • Nancy Schulman and Ellen Birnbaum, Practical Wisdom for Parents (Alfred A. Knopf, 2007).
  • Linda Watson and Terri Swim, Infants & Toddlers 6th Edition (Thompson Delmar Learning, 2008).
  • Bolton, Claire, “Toddler Language Development – Childhood Milestones for Speech and Early Communications Skills,”,
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Learn the Signs. Act Early. Developmental Milestones,”
  • Learning Disabilities Association of Canada, “LD in Depth, Early Identification, Speech and Language Milestone Chart,”
  • PBS, “The ABC’s of Child Development, Developmental Milestones For Your Child’s First Five Years,

Chapter 7: Sneak Learning Into the Moments You Already Spend With Your Child

  • Lesley Britton, Montessori Play and Learn (Crown Publishers, 1992).
  • Marilee Burton and Susan G. McDonald, 365 Ways to a Smarter Preschooler (Publications International, 2003).
  • Lisa Guernsey, Into the Minds of Babes – How Screen Time Affects Children From Birth to Age Five (Basic Books, 2007).
  • Amy James, Preschool Success – Everything You Need to Know to Help Your Child Learn (Jossey Bass, 2006).
  • Amy James, Kindergarten Success – Everything You Need to Know to Help Your Child Learn (Jossey Bass, 2006).
  • Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Diane Eyer, Einstein Never Used Flash Cards (Rodale, 2004).
  • Maja Pitamic, Teach Me to Do It Myself – Montessori Activities For You and Your Child (Barron’s, 2004).
  • David Perlmutter and Carol Colman, Raise a Smarter Child by  Kindergarten (Morgan Road Books, 2006).
  • Penny Warner, Baby Play & Learn (Meadowbrook Press, 1999).

Chapter 8: Reading to Build all 7 Abilities

  • Marion Blank, The Reading Remedy (Jossey Bass, 2006).
  • E.D. Hirsch Jr. and Linda Bevilacqua, What Your Preschooler Needs to Know (Delta Education, 1996).
  • E.D. Hirsch Jr. and John Holdren, What Your Kindergartner Needs to Know (Delta Education, 1996).
  • Trish Kuffner, Picture Book Activities: Fun and Games for Preschoolers Based on 50 Favorite Children’s Books (Meadowbrook Press, 2001).
  • David Sousa, How the Brain Learns to Read (Corwin Press, 2004).
  • M.E. Fey, H. Catts, H., and L.S. Larrivee. “Preparing Preschoolers for the Academic and Social Challenges of School.”  S. F. Warren, ed., Language Intervention in Preschool Through the Elementary Years. (Paul Brookes, 1995).
  • J.M. Fletcher and G.R. Lyon. “Reading: A Research-Based Approach.”   W. M. Evers, ed., What’s Gone Wrong in America’s Classrooms. Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University (Hoover Institution Press, 1998).
  • McBride-Chang, C. (1995). “What is Phonological Awareness?” Journal of Educational Psychology, 87, 197-192.
  • Missall, Kristen, Amy Reschly, and Joseph Betts, “Examination of the Predictive Validity of Preschool Early Literacy Skills,” School Psychology Review, vol. 36, pp. 433-453, September 1, 2007.
  • H.S. Scarborough,  “Connecting Early Language and Literacy to Later Reading (Dis)abilities: Evidence, Theory and Practice,  S. B. Neuman and D. K. Dickinson, eds., Handbook of Early Literacy Research, (Guilford Press 2002).
  • Rush, Little Baby – How the Push for Infant Academics May Actually Be a Waste of Time – or Worse, by Neil Swidey.  The Boston Globe, Oct. 28, 2007.
  • Torgesen, Joseph K., “Catch Them Before They Fall: Identification and Assessment to Prevent REading Failure in Young Children,” American Educator, Spring/Summer 1998 Issue.
  • G.J. Whitehurst and C.J. Lonigan, “Emergent Literacy: Development From Prereaders to Readers.”  S. B. Neuman and D. K. Dickinson, eds., Handbook of Early Literacy Research, (Guilford Press, 2002).
  • Chapter 9: Instruments to Strengthen All 7 Abilities
  • Don Campbell, The Mozart Effect for Children: Awakening Your Child’s Mind, Health, and Creativity with Music (Harper Paperbacks, 2002).
  • Sharlene Habermeyer, Good Music, Brighter Children: Simple and Practical Ideas to Help Transform Your Child’s Life Through the Power of Music (Prima Lifestyles, 1999).
  • John M. Ortiz, Nurturing Your Child with Music: How Sound Awareness Creates Happy, Smart, and Confident Children (Beyond Words Publishing, 1999).

Chapter 10: Conversing to Support 6 Abilities

  • David Dickenson and Patton O. Tabors (eds.), Beginning Literacy with Language: Young Children Learning at Home and School (Paul M. Brookes, 2001).
  • Todd Risley and Betty Hart, Meaningful Differences in Everyday Experiences of Young American Children.

Chapter 11: Language and More

Chapter 12: Knowledge/Comprehension

  • Richard Scaary’s Best First Book Ever (Random House, 1979).
  • Richard Scaary’s Best Word Book Ever! (Random House, 1980).
  • DK Publishing’s My First Word Book (DK Publishing, 1997).
  • H.A. Rey, Curious George’s Big Book of Curiosity (Houghton Mifflin Books, 2005)
  • Garrett Christopher, Bonita Rio Ferrara and Barbara Reeves, Comprehensive Curriculum of Basic Skills – Preschool (American Education Publishing,      1993).
  • School Readiness and Later Achievement,” Greg J. Duncan, Amy Claessens, et al.,  Developmental Psychology, vol. 43, no. 6 (2007),

Chapter 13: Memory

  • Susan E. Gathercole and Tracy Packiam Alloway, Working Memory and Learning: A Practical Guide for Teachers (Sage Publications, 2008).
  • John Medina, Brain Rules: 12 Principles for Surviving and Thriving at Work, Home and School (Pear Press, 2009).
  • Ericsson, K.A., and W. Kintsch, “Long-Term Working Memory,” Psychological Review, vol. 102, pp. 363-406 (1995).

Chapter 14: Mathematics

  • Doug Brumbaugh and Linda Brumbaugh, Beginning Mathematical Reasoning: Developing Math & Thinking Skills, Ages 3-4 (Bright Minds, 2005).
  • Lyn D. English, Mathematical and Analogical Reasoning of Young Learners (Studies in Mathematical Thinking and Learning) (Lawrence Erlbaum, 2004).
  • David A. Sousa, How the Brain Learns Mathematics (Corwin Press 2007).

Chapter 15: Visual-Spatial Reasoning

  • Alexandra Shires Golon, Visual-Spatial Learners (Prufrock Press, 2008).
  • Linda Kreger Silverman, Upside-Down Brilliance: The Visual-Spatial Learner (DeLeon Press, 2002).
  • Pamela B. Tanguay, Byron P. Fourke, Nonverbal Learning Disabilities at Home: A Parent’s Guide (Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2001).
  • Pamela B. Tanguay, Sue Thompson, Nonverbal Learning Disabilities at School: Educating Students with NLD, Asperger Syndrome and Related Conditions,  (Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2002).
  • Stockdale, Carol, and Carol Possin, “Spatial Relations and Learning,” ARK Institute of Learning, (2001).

Chapter 16: Cognitive Skills

  • Stuart Brown with Christopher Vaughan, Play: How it Shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination, and Invigorates the Soul (Avery, 2009).
  • Kornei Chukovsky, From Two to Five (Univ. of California Press, rev. ed., 1963)
  • David Elkind, The Power of Play: Learning What Comes Naturally (Da Capo Press, 2007).
  • Jacquie Buttriss and Ann Callender, Think About It! Thinking Skills Activities for Years 3 and 4 (David Fulton Publishing, 2006).
  • Sydney Tyler-Parker, Young Think Program One: A Pre-School Thinking Skills Program (Thomas Geale Publications, 1982).
  • Vivian Gussin Paley, A Child’s Work: The Importance of Fantasy Play (University of Chicago Press, 2005).
  • Myrna B. Shure, I Can Problem Solve: An Interpersonal Cognitive Problem-Solving Program: Intermediate Elementary Grades, (Research Press, 2001).
  • Sarina Simon, 101 Amusing Ways to Develop Your Child’s Thinking Skills and Creativity, (Lowell House, 1996).
  • Kirn, Walter, and Wendy Cole, “What Ever Happened to Play,” Newsweek, April 23, 2001.
  • VanLehn, K., “Cognitive Skill Acquisition,” Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 47, pp.513-539, (1996).
  • Chapter 17: Fine-Motor Skills
  • Penny Groves, Strengthening Fine Motor Skills (School Specialty Printing, 2002).
  • Joanne M. Landy and Keith R. Burridge, Ready to use Fine Motor Skills & Handwriting Activities for Young Children (Center for Applied Research, 2000).
  • Janice Z Olsen, Handwriting Without Tears: Kindergarten Teacher’s Guide (Handwriting Without Tears, 1998).
  • Jodene Smith, Activities for Fine Motor Skills Development (Teacher Created Resources, 2004).
  • Ion Teodorescu and Lois M. Addy, Write from the Start, Book II: Developing fine motor and perceptual skills for effective Handwriting (LDA, 2001).
  • Chapter 18: Beyond Testing Success
  • R. F. Baumeister and K.D. Vohs, “Willpower, Choice and Self-Control,” George Loewenstein, Daniel Read, and Roy Baumeister (eds.), Psychology Today, Feb. 23, 2009.
  • Robert Brooks and Sam Goldstein, Raising a Self-Disciplined Child: Help Your Child Become More Responsible, Confident and Resilient (McGraw Hill, 2007).
  • Mark L. Brenner, When “No” Gets You Nowhere: Teaching Your Toddler and Child Self-Control (Prima Lifestyles, 2001).
  • Geoff Colvin, Talent is Overrated.
  • Malcolm Gladwell, Outliers: The Story of Success.
  • John Gottman and Joan Declaire, Raising an Emotionally Intelligent Child (Simon & Schuster, 1998).
  • Rena Subotnik, Lee Kassan, et al,  Genius Revisited: High IQ Children Grown Up (1993).
  • Lewis Terman,Terman’s Kids: The Groundbreaking Study of How the Gifted Grow Up (Little Brown & Co., 1992).

Chapter 20: Gifted Programs, Magnet and Charter Schools

  • Robert D. Barr and William Parrett, How to Create Alternative, Magnet & Charter Schools That Work (Solution Tree, 1997).
  • Joyce VanTassell-Baska, Serving Gifted Learners Beyond the Traditional Classroom: A Guide to Alternative Programs and Services (Prufrock Press, 2006).
  • Rosemary Callard-Szulgit, Parenting and Teaching the Gifted (Scarecrow Education, 2003).
  • Ann Robinson, Bruce Shore, and Donna Enersen, Best Practices in Gifted Education: An Evidence-Based Guide (Prufrock Press, 2006).
  • Ellen Winner, Gifted Children: Myths and Realities (Basic Books, 1997).
  • Ron Zimmer, Charter Schools in Eight States: Effects on Achievement, Attainment, Integration, and Competition, RAND Corporation (2009)
  • Banchero, Stephanie, “Harder to Get Into Than Harvard: Parents Push, Plot to Get Their Kids Into the Best Magnet, Private and Parochial Schools in the City,” Chicago Tribune, February 26, 2008.
  • Brown, Linnea, “Gifted: Definition Varies Widely,” Hernando Today (Brooksville, Florida), February 11, 2008.
  • Carr, Sarah, “Charters Break Mold by Picking and Choosing; Several in New Orleans Require Students to Pass Tests, Show Skills to Enroll,” Times-Picayune, May 18, 2008.
  • Gootman, Elissa, “Broader Rule Sought to Pick Gifted Pupils,” The New York Times, April 10, 2008.
  • Gootman, Elissa and Robert Gebeloff, “With New City Policy, Gifted Programs Shrink,” The New York Times, October 30, 2008.
  • Guillatt, Richard, “Beautiful Minds: What’s it like to raise a family of geniuses?” The Weekend Australian Mgazine, August 11-12, 2007.
  • Meyer, Jeremy P., “Minorities, Poor Get ‘Highly Gifted’ Lift: A New DPS System Awards Some Kids an Extra Boost to Make Things More Equitable,” The Denver Post, March 4, 2008.
  • Spencer, Paula, “Is Your Kid Really Gifted? Probably Not,” Los Angeles Magazine, April 27, 2008.
  • Tolan, Stephanie S., “Helping Your Highly Gifted Child,” ERIC Digest, vol. E477 (1990).

Chapter 21: Getting Past the Velvet Rope

  • Alan Eisenstock, The Kindergarten Wars: The Battle to Get Into America’s Best Private Schools (Grand Central Publishing, 2006).
  • Jeanine Farley, Everything You Need to Know (and More!) About Getting Your Child into Private School (, Inc., 2005).
  • Sandra L. Frazier, Private School – It’s Not Just for the Wealthy Anymore: A Parent’s Guide to Getting Your Child Accepted Into Private School (A Better Tomorrow Publishing, 2007).
  • Victoria Goldman, The Manhattan Family Guide to Private Schools and Selective Public Schools, 5th Ed. (Soho Press, 2005).
  • Bryan C. Hassel and Emily Hassel, Picky Parent Guide: Choose Your Child’s School With Confidence, the Elementary Years, K-6 (Armchair Press, 2004).
  • Choo, David K., “Pre-K Pressure: Inside the Kindergarten Admissions Race,” Hawaii Business, vol. 522, page 32, October 2007.
  • Lyons, Molly, “Getting In: How to Crack Nursery and Kindergarten Admissions – and Avoid Homeschooling Your Kid,” Time Out New York Kids, November 2007.
  • Karen Quinn, “Middle Class and Making it in Manhattan,” New York Times (March, 2006).

Chapter 22: How Public Schools Use Ability Tracking

  • Jeannie Oakes, Keeping Track: How Schools Structure Inequality, 2nd ed. (Yale University Press 2005).
  • Jeannie Oakes and Marisa Saunders, Beyond Tracking: Multiple Pathways to College, Career, and Civic Participation (Harvard Education Press, 2008).
  • Herbert J. Walberg, Can Unlike Students Learn Together? Grade Retention, Tracking, and Grouping, IAP Publishing, (2004)
  • De Vise, “Montgomery School’s New Take on Ability Grouping Yields Results,” The Washington Post, November 7, 2007.
  • Fiedler-Brand, Ellen, Richard E. Lange, and Susan Winebrenner, “Tracking Ability Groupings and the Gifted,” Pennsylvania Association for Gifted Education Publication,
  • Figlio, David, and Marianne Page, “School Choice and the Distributional Effects of Ability Tracking: Does Separation Increase Equality?” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 8055, (2000).
  • Hu, Winnie, “No Longer Letting Scores Separate Pupils,” The New York Times, June 15, 2009.
  • McCoach, Betsy, Ann A. O’Connell, Heather Levitt, “Ability Groupings Across Kindergarten Using an Early Childhood Longitudinal Study,” The Journal of Educational Research vol. 99, pp. 339-346 (2006).
  • Oakes, J., “Keeping Track: The Policy and Practice of Curriculum Inequality, Part 1, “Phi Delta Kappan vol. 68, pp. 12-17 (1986).
  • Rozycki, Edward, “Tracking in Public Education: Preparation for the World of Work?” Educational Horizons vol. 77, pp. 113-116, (1999).

Chapter 23: Early Intervention and Special Education

  • Stanley Greenspan, Serena Wieder and Robin Simons, The Child with Special Needs: Encouraging Intellectual and Emotional Growth (Da Capo Press, 1998).
  • Deidre Hayden, Cherie Takemoto, Winifred Anderson, Stephen Chitwood, Negotiating the Special Education Maze, 4th ed. (Woodbine House, 2008).
  • Mel Levine, A Mind at a Time.
  • Craig Pohlman, Revealing Minds: Assessing to Understand and Support Struggling Learners (Jossey Bass, 2007).
  • David A. Sousa, How the Special Needs Brain Learns (Corwin Press, 2006).
  • Linda Wilmshurst and Alan W. Bruen, A Parent’s Guide to Special Education: Insider Advice on How to Navigate the System and Help Your Child Succeed (AMACOM, 2005).
  • Peter Wright and Pamela Wright, Special Education Law, 2nd ed. (Harbor House Law Press, 2007).
  • Peter Wright and Pamela Wright, From Emotions to Advocacy: The Special Education Survival Guide (Harbor House Law Press, 2006).
  • Savage, David G., “Supreme Court Victory for Parents of Disabled Students,” The New York times, June 23, 2009.